Wednesday, May 07, 2008


The Wall Street Journal says yes.

What's going to stop the housing decline? Very simply, the same thing that caused the bust: affordability.

The boom made housing unaffordable for many American families, especially first-time home buyers. During the 1990s and early 2000s, it took 19% of average monthly income to service a conforming mortgage on the average home purchased. By 2005 and 2006, it was absorbing 25% of monthly income. For first time buyers, it went from 29% of income to 37%. That just proved to be too much.

Prices got so high that people who intended to actually live in the houses they purchased (as opposed to speculators) stopped buying. This caused the bubble to burst.

Since then, house prices have fallen 10%-15%, while incomes have kept growing (albeit more slowly recently) and mortgage rates have come down 70 basis points from their highs. As a result, it now takes 19% of monthly income for the average home buyer, and 31% of monthly income for the first-time home buyer, to purchase a house. In other words, homes on average are back to being as affordable as during the best of times in the 1990s. Numerous households that had been priced out of the market can now afford to get in.

The logic is simple. New houses became unaffordable for too many people. Now they are affordable again and people will start buying them. How do we know that? Because they always do.

Some argue that prices are still way too high compared to historical averages, and they are high, but people buy mortgages not houses, and the deciding factor is how much of their monthly income will go toward the mortgage. That we are a nation living on credit is a separate issue.

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